The simple up-and-down motion of hand pumps could help scientists secure a key water source for 200 million people in Africa. Growing demand for groundwater is putting pressure on the resource while researchers struggle to accurately estimate the future supply. But a team from Oxford University says that low-cost mobile sensors attached to pumps could solve the problem. Their study shows that pump vibrations record the true depth of well water. While fresh water from Africa's rivers and lakes is hugely important for people, it is dwarfed by the amount of groundwater available, estimated to be 100 times greater than the annual renewable fresh
One of the world's biggest and most successful clubs, Barcelona, is launching a football academy in Lagos, Nigeria's commercial hub. The academy, in Africa's biggest city, is the first of its kind on the continent. It is modelled on Barcelona's flagship La Masia Academy in Spain which has produced stars such as Andres Iniesta, Lionel Messi and Xavi. Officially known as FCBEscola Lagos, the school is temporarily located at the multi-sports Teslim
United Nations Secretary-General AntónioGuterres has asked Member States to inform him by 6 March if they intend to make voluntary financial contributions to the implementation of the new UN plan to counter cholera in Haiti, his spokesman said today. “Earlier this week the Secretary-General sent a letter to all Member States” in that regard, StéphaneDujarric told reporters at the regular daily briefing at UN Headquarters in New York. “As you are aware, under the new approach, the UN is intensifying support to the Haitian government in building sound water, sanitation and health systems – the best long-term defence against cholera and other water-borne diseases – and also developing a support package to provide
The electronic device will help to improve the process of transporting goods. East African customs authorities have adopted an electronic system to track lorries travelling between Kenya, Uganda and Rwanda to speed up journeys. The trackers will allow officials and traders to monitor trucks travelling to and from the Kenyan port of Mombasa. A device will be attached to vehicles and is intended to help prevent hijacks and goods being tampered with. Uganda, which pioneered the project, says journey times could be cut from three-and-a-half days to
South African nationals marched through Pretoria to protest against immigrants. South African police have used rubber bullets, tear gas and water cannon to disperse crowds at an anti-immigrant march in the capital, Pretoria. A low-flying police helicopter was deployed to break up a stand-off between local protesters and foreigners, with both groups armed with sticks, bricks and knives. President Jacob Zuma said the protests were "anti-crime" not "anti-foreigner". Many unemployed South Africans accuse migrants of taking their jobs. The police mainly succeeded in keeping the rival groups apart. Mr Zuma has condemned recent acts of violence and intimidation directed at African immigrants living in South Africa.
Donor countries meeting in Oslo on Friday pledged $672 million (634 million euros) in emergency aid for people threatened by famine in the Lake Chad region, which has been hard hit by Boko Haram, hosts Norway said. The amount was pledged over three years, and was aimed at helping 10.7 million people in need. The UN has previously said it hoped to raise $1.5 billion in 2017 for the region, which includes Nigeria, Niger, Cameroon and Chad. The United States, whose new administration has said it intends to slash its development aid budget, was not among the 14 countries that pledged money in Oslo.
UN Agencies and governments to meet at Oslo summit to tackle expanding humanitarian emergency. As conflict and instability continue, the food security situation in Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin is drastically deteriorating, FAO warned today, as it called for swift and decisive action from the international community to protect the livelihoods of millions of families dependent on farming, livestock and fishing for their food and livelihoods. With the next planting season starting in May, and with scarcity of animal fodder and water points during the lean season, it is crucial that crop seeds, tools and livestock support reach families urgently to limit the scope of the deepening crisis that now involves four countries: Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria. Some 7.1 million people are now severely food insecure across the four countries. Among them are
An online commercial released by Nike this week that showed Arab women fencing, boxing and spinning on ice-skates has stirred controversy over its attempt to smash stereotypes about women leading home-bound lives in the conservative region. It begins with a woman nervously peering out of her doorway and adjusting her veil before going for a run in the street, while a female voice narrates in a Saudi dialect: "What will they say about you? Maybe they'll say you exceeded all expectations." Within 48 hours the video was shared 75,000 times on Twitter and viewed almost 400,000 times on YouTube. "An ad [which] touches on the insecurities of women in a society digs deeper and becomes an
Eating loads of fruit and vegetables - 10 portions a day - may give us longer lives, say researchers.
The study, by Imperial College London, calculated such eating habits could prevent 7.8 million premature deaths each year. The team also identified specific fruit and veg that reduced the risk of cancer and heart disease. The analysis showed even small amounts had a health boon, but more is even better. A portion counts as 80g (3oz) of fruit or veg - the equivalent of a small banana, a pear or three heaped tablespoons of spinach or peas. What counts as five-a-day? The conclusions were made by pooling data on 95 separate studies, involving two million people's
As relief organizations increase response to the humanitarian emergency in the north-east of Nigeria, timely donor support amounting to a little over $1 billion is required to sustain life-saving assistance to millions people devastated by Boko Haram-linked violence, the United Nations relief aid wing has said. “If the resources do not arrive in time, one in five children suffering sever acute malnutrition could die,” said Peter Lundberg, the Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator for Nigeria in a press release issued yesterday by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA). “The likelihood of a child with severe acute malnutrition surviving is nine times less than a properly nourished child,” he added. According to OCHA, the eight-year-long conflict has left some 8.5 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in the worst-affected states of Nigeria's north-east. In the coming months
An international team of scientists say the way teenagers' brains are wired may help predict whether they will develop drug problems in the future. The team looked at adolescents who were generally more impulsive than their peers - a trait sometimes linked to the misuse of drugs. They found teenagers who had a particular pattern of activity on brain scans were more likely to misuse drugs. The early work appears in the journal Nature Communications. Scientists asked 144 adolescents who had not previously used recreational drugs to fill in questionnaires and take part in behavioural tests to assess how impulsive they were and how
World number one Lydia Ko revealed on Wednesday she has appointed South African Gary Gilchrist as her new coach following last year's high-profile split from David Leadbetter. The 19-year-old New Zealander said she had been working with Gilchrist for about a month and enjoyed his subtle approach. "It's been a lot of fun working with him, it's been great," she told reporters in Auckland.
"I tried a few lessons with him and I felt like it was very simple and he wouldn't rip my swing apart, that's really important." Ko blossomed early in her time with Leadbetter but began to strike problems following advice to change her swing. She won four times in 2016 and also collected an Olympic silver medal, but struggled in the latter part of the season with just one top-five finish in her last nine starts. In addition to appointing Gilchrist, Ko also hired a new caddie late last year and has changed her
The female ward at the Institute of Human Behaviour and Allied Sciences (IHBAS) in India's capital Delhi is home to about 80 women with mental health problems. Photographer CheenaKapoor spent months documenting the women on the ward. Mental illness is "not the only war the women fight here - the stigma of social acceptance and gender discrimination is a major cause of their trauma", she says. "The male ward is always filled with anxious faces waiting for the sons to return home, while the daughters are so easily forgotten." These are some of their stories: Vaishnavi remembers helping her father on the farm in her village in the Garhwal region of the northern state of Uttarakhand when she was six years old. She said she got distracted by ripe
Yemen has launched a major polio vaccination campaign amid fears the disease could reappear in the war-ravaged nation where the health system is on the verge of collapse and aid agencies are warning of famine. The World Health Organization (WHO), which is supporting the drive, said some 40,000 health workers aimed to immunize more than 5 million children under the age of five across the country. The threat of [polio] virus importation is serious and this campaign aims to curb any possible return of the virus to Yemen," WHO's representative in Yemen, Nevio Zagaria, said in a statement. Polio, which spreads quickly among children and can cause irreversible paralysis within hours, remains endemic in only three countries — Afghanistan, Pakistan and Nigeria.
"We can still save many lives. We must not repeat the tragedy of the 2011 famine in the Horn of Africa" Nearly 1.4 million children are at "imminent risk" of death in famines in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, the U.N. children's agency UNICEF said on Tuesday. People are already starving to death in all four countries, and the World Food Programme says more than 20 million lives are at risk in the next six months. "Time is running out for more than a million children," UNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake said in statement. "We can still save many lives. The severe malnutrition and looming famine are largely man-made. Our common humanity demands faster action. We must not repeat the tragedy of the 2011 famine